Plastic is a material widely used in many industry sectors worldwide for its low production cost and high flexibility. Plastic are present, and are often essential in diverse industries such as construction, packaging , textiles , telecommunications and electronics, for example, are large ” consumers ” of this material .
Because it is produced from petroleum , a non-renewable fossil fuel , highly polluting when burned or spilled, and toxic when inhaled or ingested , and the biodegradability of most plastics is very slow , PET bottles for example , takes about 500 years to disintegrate in nature, which makes the production , consumption and disposal of plastic become a cycle of major environmental impact if not properly handled. So while not invent a material to replace it , it is very important to recycle it .
Brazil produces huge volume of plastic waste, but little of what is produced is recycled . According to a survey conducted by the Socio- Environmental Institute of Plastics ( Plastivida ) in 2005 were 767.503 million tonnes of discarded plastic in Brazil. And in 2010 according Cempre, only 19% of rigid plastics and film were recycled in the country, or about 950 tons . This constant low rates, left Brazil in ninth place in the world rankings plastic recycling, behind countries such as Germany ( 34 % ), Sweden ( 33.2 % ), Belgium ( 29.2 %) and Italy ( 23 %).
These data show the importance of recycling plastic has on the environment, the potential for leverage in the economy sector, and the need for investments for the proper handling of this material. This week we will talk more about plastics recycling process.
Source: cempre.org.br – indac.org.br – plastivida.org.br – ambiente.hsw.uol.com.br – ecycle.com.br – unicamp.br – viajeaqui.abril.com.br