In addition to separating the recyclable organic waste , other sustainable attitudes can contribute to the public improvement of waste management .
See how to make compost from organic waste, and learn to make compost at home.
STEP 1 – The container
Drill holes of varying sizes in a container of your choice , buckets , paint cans, or pots of ice cream are examples of containers that can be used .
It is important that the holes are different sizes because it is through them that the slurry will pass. The slurry produced in the decomposition of organic matter can be reused . You can pick up and return to your compost mix or play in plants , diluted ( with the proportion of 1 cup of manure for 9 cups of water) .
STEP 2 – The composter
Under the container in which the organic material is deposited must be another to collect the leachate . He can not stay in direct contact with the can or jar , because the manure has a space for escorrer.A composting can also be made direct contact with the ground , but in this case the land should have good drainage and be tilted , so that the slurry does not accumulate in one place .
STEP 3 – Time to put the trash
There is a method for the decomposition of the waste is faster, it is necesspario that garbage is layered .
What regulates the action of microorganisms that will decompose the material is the ratio of nitrogen and carbon. This ratio should be three to one . That is, a layer of nitrogen to three carbon layers . What is nitrogen ? It is the wet material ( garbage , itself ) . What is carbon ? It’s dry as cardboard, gravel tree , sawdust , dry leaves , grass clippings , and corn husks . The top layer should always be completed with dry to avoid smelly material. It is important that the entire mass to be decomposed is as shredded as possible , the smaller the particles , the faster the process.
What you can use :
- Rest of milk ;
- Coffee filter used ;
- Coffee grounds ;
- Peel of fruit ;
- Remains of vegetables ;
- Yogurt ;
What you can not use :
STEP 4 – Wait, but care
In the initial stage of decay in the interior of the container can reach 70 ° C throughout the material should be allowed to stand while it lasts on average 15 days in the case of domestic composting. After this it is necessary to mevimentar waste coming into contact with oxygen.
Source: Super Interessante